Sex based discrimination
Under the law, pregnancy is considered a temporary disability, as are related medical conditions such as severe morning sickness, doctor-ordered bed rest, childbirth, recovery from childbirth, and any other related medical condition. Statistics show that minimum height requirements adversely affect women, as well as members of some racial and ethnic groups, because those groups on average are shorter than men or members of other races or national origins. Title VII covers all private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions that employ 15 or more individuals. In addition, it is possible to have illegal, sex-based harassment that is not of a sexual nature, sometimes called gender-based harassment. For more information, see our page on sexual harassment.